Nonlocality Effect in Alpha Decay of Heavy and Superheavy Nuclei


Alpha decay half-life of heavy and superheavy nuclei has been investigated using a potential barrier penetration model that adapts semiclassical WKB calculations to incorporate a coordinate-dependent effective mass for the alpha particle. This effect is a consequence of a dynamic property of nonlocality in the particle-nucleus interaction, as implemented in the barrier tunneling calculations of Ref.  [1]. Calculations have been performed for a recent set of experimental data of 255 alpha-emitting nuclides, all selected with angular momentum $\ell = 0$ experimentally assigned. Results show a good agreement when compared to experimental half-life data, obtaining a standard deviation $\sigma=0.306$, and fully satisfying the universal NUP and UDL systematics of alpha decay. Additionally, the present model has been applied to make half-life predictions for thirty-four possible, new alpha decay cases.