${\mathbb Z}_2\times {\mathbb Z}_2$-graded parastatistics in multiparticle quantum Hamiltonians

Francesco Toppan


The recent surge of interest in ${\mathbb Z}_2\times {\mathbb Z}_2$-graded invariant mechanics poses the challenge of understanding the physical consequences of a ${\mathbb Z}_2\times{\mathbb Z}_2$-graded symmetry. \par In this paper it is shown that non-trivial physics can be detected in the multiparticle sector of a theory, being induced by the ${\mathbb Z}_2\times{\mathbb Z}_2$-graded parastatistics obeyed by the particles. \par
The toy model of the ${\cal N}=4$ supersymmetric/ ${\mathbb Z}_2\times {\mathbb Z}_2$-graded oscillator is used.
In this set-up the one-particle energy levels and their degenerations  are the same for both supersymmetric and ${\mathbb Z}_2\times{\mathbb Z}_2$-graded versions. Nevertheless, in the multiparticle sector, a measurement of an observable operator on suitable states can discriminate whether the
system under consideration is composed by ordinary bosons/fermions or by ${\mathbb Z}_2\times {\mathbb Z}_2$-graded particles. Therefore, ${\mathbb Z}_2\times {\mathbb Z}_2$-graded mechanics has experimentally testable consequences.  \par
Furthermore, the ${\mathbb Z}_2\times {\mathbb Z}_2$-grading constrains the observables to obey a superselection rule.\par
As a technical tool, the multiparticle sector is encoded in the coproduct of a Hopf algebra defined on a Universal Enveloping Algebra of a graded Lie superalgebra with a braided tensor product.

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