{${\mathbb Z}_2\times {\mathbb Z}_2$-graded mechanics: the classical theory

N. Aizawa Aizawa, Z. Kuznetsova Kuznetsova, F. Toppan Toppan


${\mathbb Z}_2\times {\mathbb Z}_2$-graded mechanics admits four types of particles: ordinary bosons, two classes of fermions (fermions belonging to different classes commute among each other) and exotic bosons. In this paper we
construct the basic ${\mathbb Z}_2\times {\mathbb Z}_2$-graded worldline multiplets (extending the cases of one-dimensional supersymmetry) and compute, based on a general scheme, their invariant classical actions and worldline sigma-models. The four basic multiplets contain two bosons and two fermions. They are $(2,2,0)$, with two propagating bosons and two propagating fermions, $(1,2,1)_{[00]}$ (the ordinary boson is  propagating, while the exotic boson is an auxiliary field), $(1,2,1)_{[11]}$
(the converse case, the exotic boson is propagating, while the ordinary boson is an auxiliary field) and, finally, $(0,2,2)$ with two bosonic auxiliary fields. Classical actions invariant under the ${\mathbb Z}_2\times {\mathbb Z}_2$-graded superalgebra are constructed for both single multiplets and interacting multiplets.  Furthermore, scale-invariant actions can possess a full ${\mathbb Z}_2\times {\mathbb Z}_2$-graded conformal invariance spanned by
$10$ generators and containing an $sl(2)$ subalgebra.

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